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PROFILE: Kyrgyzstan



Overview

  • 90% of Kyrgyzstan's people are Muslim

  • The majority are Sunni Muslim

  • 7% are Christian


Brief History/Overview

  • The area where Kyrgyzstan now is located is known for its natural beauty and nomadic traditions. It is landlocked. 

  • 1876 - It was formally annexed by the Russian Empire.

  • 1916 - Kyrgyz people staged a major revolt against Russia.

  • 1926 - Became part of the Soviet Republic.

  • 1991 - Achieved independence when USSR dissolved.

  • Continuing concerns for Kyrgyzstan's democratic development include corruption, difficult regional relations, border security and potential terrorist threats.


General Information

  • Location - Central Asia. Bordering countries include China, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan.

  • Government Type - Parliamentary Republic

  • Capital City - Bishkek

  • Literacy Rate: 99.6% (2019)

  • Size: Slightly smaller than South Dakota

  • Population: 6.1M (2023 est.)

  • Population Growth Rate: 0.082% (2023 est.)

  • Population Distribution: Vast majority of people live in rural areas. The densest population is in the north and in and around the capitol city of Bishkek. 


Economy

  • The economy is low to middle income. The country is rich in natural resources. Tourism is growing. Corruption and politics in general are problems.

  • National Resources: Hydropower, gold, rare earth metals, coal, oil, natural gas, nepheline, mercury, bismuth, lead and zinc

  • Agricultural Products: milk, potatoes, sugar beets, corn, wheat, barley, tomatoes, watermelon, onions, carrots, turnips

  • Major Industries: small machinery, textiles, food processing, cement, shoes, lumber, refrigerators, furniture, electric motors, mining

  • Labor Force: 2.5 M (2021)

  • Unemployment Rate: 9.1% (2021)

  • GDP: $8.44B (2019 est.)

  • Labor Force Breakdown: Agriculture - 14.0%, Industry - 31.2%, Services - 54.2%  (2017 est.)


International Trade (in US Dollars)


Total Exports: $2.37B


Major Product Exports (2021)

  • Gold ($908M), Float Glass ($186M), other Precious Metals ($101M), Dried Legumes ($74.9M), Refined Petroleum ($68M)

  • Other exports include scrap copper, dried fruits, mercury, uranium, cotton, copper, live animals and vegetables

Major Export Partners (2021)

  • United Kingdom ($471M), Kazakhstan ($430M), Russia ($411M), UAE ($216M), Switzerland ($185M)

  • Total Imports: $12B (2021)


Major Imports:

  • Clothing ($2.264B), Refined Petroleum ($781M)


Major Import Partners (2021)

  • China ($6.47B) Russia ($2.19B), Kazakhstan ($619M), Uzbekistan ($773M), Turkey ($750M)


English Language Online News

The Times of Central Asia-general news - www.timesca.com


Sampling of Kyrgyzstan Companies

  • Akaltivcotton - cotton production - Bishkek

  • Ideality Inc. - children’s furniture - Bishkek

  • Osoo Agrofoods - apple juice concentrate, pomegranate juice concentrate - Bishkek

  • Bio Farmer Cooperative - cotton fiber, grains, pulses, medicinal plants - Bishkek

  • EcoProm Export Ltd. - export and import of agricultural and manufactured goods - Bishkek

  • Bast Agro Trading Co Ltd. - nuts, melons, pomegranates etc. - Bishkek

  • Chuy Frp Composite LLC - apparel machinery, air cleaner parts, plastic building materials, etc. - Kara-Balta

  • Robin Asia - cultivation and export of leguminous cultures - Bishkek

  • Stroyinvest LLC - resin, suspension strings and other suspension parts, compound fertilizer, whey powder - Bishkek

  • Ocoo North Star - agricultural greenhouses etc. - Bishkek

  • KyrgyzCentreProducts Ltd. - large producer and exporter of agricultural products - Bishkek

  • Alis Lider - large variety of production machinery - Bishkek

  • STS Ltd. - induction regulators - Kievskaya

  • Astra KCMP Ltd. - multi crystalline silicon and silicon wafers used in photovoltaic industry 

  • Metraco - mercury production - Bishkek

  • D-Col Enterprises - wholesaling of different products in Asia - Bishkek


National Holidays

  • January 1 - New Year’s Day

  • January 7 - Orthodox Christmas Day

  • January 8 - Orthodox Christmas Holiday

  • February 23 - Homeland Defender's Day

  • March 8 - International Women's Day

  • March 21 - People's Holiday of Nooruz

  • April 7 - People's April Revolution Day

  • April 8 - People's April Revolution Holiday

  • April 10 - Orozo Ait

  • May 1 - Labor Day

  • May 5 - Constitution Day

  • May 9 - Victory Day

  • August 31 - Independence Day

  • September 2 - Independence Day Holiday

  • November 7 - Day of History and Commemoration of Ancestors

  • November 8 - Day of History and Commemoration of Ancestors Holiday


By Paul Mastilak

InterMark3, Inc.

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